| noun phrase|
Sat Nam, sometimes written Satnam or Sat Naam, is the main mantra that appears in the Sikh sacred scripture called the Guru Granth Sahib. It is not a Sanskrit word, but rather a Gurmurkhi word (one of the three Punjabi written language scripts). The Sanskrit equivalent for Sat might be Satya which means “truth”. Sat Nam is often repeated as a complete mantra, exclamation or part of a longer mantra by Kundalini yoga practitioners.
Sat Nam literally means “the name that is true and everlasting”. In his teachings, Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh gurus, emphasised the need for repeating Sat Nam to realise the all-pervading supreme reality in the universe. For many, Sat Nam refers to a higher being or God. For me, Sat Nam refers to the Tao.